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L. Ron Hubbard House

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This article is taken from Wikipedia on 21.06.2009.

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[1] The L. Ron Hubbard House, also known as the Original Founding Church of Scientology, is a historic house museum and former Scientology church located at 1812 19th Street, NW in the Dupont Circle neighborhood of Washington, D.C., United States.[2] The home served as the residence of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard from 1955 until 1959[3], during which time he incorporated the Founding Church of Scientology and performed the first Scientology wedding.[2][4][5] The building is a contributing property to the Dupont Circle Historic District, a neighborhood listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

HistoryEdit

The row of buildings located at 1810-1820 19th Street, NW was designed by local architectural firm Wood, Donn, & Deming in 1904.[6] Notable owners of the home during the early 20th century included United States Senators James K. Jones[7] and Claude A. Swanson.[8]

Hubbard purchased the home in 1955, the same year he organized the Founding Church which met at 1826 R Street, NW from July 21, 1955 until 1959.[2][9] The building later served as home of the Academy of Scientology, previously located at 1845 R Street, NW and known as The Academy of Religious Arts and Sciences. In January 1963, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ordered a raid against the Academy's 19th Street location, seizing more than 100 e-meters (electronic devices used by Scientologists) and 200 pieces of literature. The raid resulted in a lawsuit filed by the FDA against the Founding Church. In 1971, the Church and FDA reached a settlement which included a ruling that all e-meters bear a prominent warning label.[10] The seized items were returned to the Founding Church in October 1973.[11]

Additional Scientology organizations once located at the L. Ron Hubbard House include the National Academy of American Psychology (NAAP).[12] After the Founding Church sold the property in the mid-1970s, it was once again used for residential purposes. An organization called the Friends of L. Ron Hubbard repurchased the home in 2004.[2]

ArchitectureEdit

2008 09 The L. Ron Hubbard House 01

Entrance to the L. Ron Hubbard House

The three-story L. Ron Hubbard House is an example of Mediterranean Revival Style architecture, a design frequently used by Waddy Butler Wood and his associates. The building's exterior consists of cream-colored brick, accented with stone and wood trimming. Decorative features include a two-story bay window, red-tiled roof, and Flemish gable.[6]

Current usageEdit

The museum opened in 2007 following a year-long renovation to restore the building to its 1957 appearance. It contains a recreation of the Hubbard Communications Office and various literature describing Hubbard's early life. A tour of the museum is available by appointment only.[2][13]

The 2009 property value of the L. Ron Hubbard House is $1,817,440, a $782,020 decrease from the 2008 value of $2,599,460. Since October 27, 2003, ownership of the building has been registered to Heritage Properties International.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Banville, Jule (2007-09-11). The L. Ron Hubbard House: Get There Before Travolta. Washington City Paper. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  3. Template:Citation/core
  4. Template:Citation/core
  5. Larson, Bob (2004), Larson's Book of World Religions and Alternative Spirituality, Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., pp. 431, ISBN 084236417X
  6. 6.0 6.1 Null, Druscilla J. (1983-07-07). Architectural Data Form. wikipedia:Historic American Buildings Survey. National Park Service. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  7. Buys House in Washington. Washington Post ((1906-07-19)). Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  8. Template:Citation/core
  9. News In Brief. Washington Post ((1995-10-28)). Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  10. Template:Cite court
  11. MacKaye, William R. (1973-10-24). Church Gets Back Books, E-Meters. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  12. Template:Citation/core
  13. Landers, Chris (2008-04-24). Serious Business: Anonymous takes on Scientology (and doesn't afraid of anything). Orlando Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  14. DC Citizen Atlas Real Property Reports. Government of the District of Columbia. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.

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